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Appendix 2

Appendix 2


There is a strong revival of African traditional religion going on at this time, and the African is notoriously religious. The key to understanding him is through his religion. He considers God as our universal Father. For the Akans of Ghana, He is also our divine Mother, Nyame Obaatan Pa, a very caring provider. God is omnipotent, Gye Nyame, all-knowing, omnipresent and sus- tainer of the whole world. In African culture, all revolves around religion which strongly influences the living and thinking of the ordinary man and woman. In fact, African religion, no matter the level of sophistication or education of the individual, perme­ates every aspect of his life, from seedtime to harvest, through the rites of passage, birth, puberty, marriage, death and hereaf­ter. We have no creeds to recite, as these dwell in the heart, and each one is himself the living creed.

All over Africa, the earth is regarded as the female spirit Asase Yaa, Mother Earth. One is expected to care for her, nurse, cherish and love her. Generally, one will not till the land without her prior permission. We ask her permission again before dig­ging to bury the dead so that her child may return into her womb. Thursday is set aside for her, and on that day many Akans will not till the land. Asase Yaa is also known as the up­holder of truth, and whenever someone’s word is in doubt, he is asked to touch his lip to some soil to become credible.

Before every function and ceremony, a libation is done whereby water or spirit are poured onto the ground while calling the name of God, Mother Earth and the ancestors, and beseeching it heir blessings upon all present. Some have criticized this practice, but that is because they do not understand that every single act or gesture of an Akan has a significance. Gesture and symbol play an important part in African rites. When in a dance a priestess raises her hands, she is delivering a message, “I am leaving all in the power of God.”

We do not worship ancestors, but they are honored and re­vered as spirits and elders who stand close to God, who are a link between the living and the dead.

The European missionaries who colonized Africa from 1900 to 1945 condemned everything African — the religion, art, mu­sic and the systems of names, inheritance and marriage. Africans were forced to abandon their culture and adopt the Western style of life.

However, colonialism was mostly an urban phenomenon; it did not penetrate the rural areas where the majority lived. There, the tradition survived. It is still the way of life today and has tre­mendous influence on most Africans, whether Christian or Mus­lim [but what are Christianity and Islam doing there — author]. Almost all faithfully carry out the rites of passage. Children are given indigenous names, and the naming and outdooring (first- outing) ceremonies for babies, as well as puberty rites, tradi­tional marriage and funeral rites all are done before their West­ern counterparts.

The aim of African religion is to promote harmony between man, the spirit world, society and the environment. Its distinc­tive feature is the sharing spirit. We believe that the earth is God’s gift to us. We are merely the keepers of the earth and arc charged with taking care of it and leaving it in a better condition than we found it If we fail, our children will not have any earth to inherit.

  1. Article by Queen Boakyewa Yiadom I, reproduced from Hinduism Today, August, 1992